IBO: Charters do better than district schools at retaining students with disabilities

Students from Innovate Manhattan Charter School during recess outside Tweed Courthouse in 2011.

Reversing its earlier findings, the Independent Budget Office released numbers Thursday showing that charter schools have done a slightly better job retaining young students with disabilities than neighboring district schools.

The report updates IBO data released last year showing that charter schools were losing 80 percent of kindergarten students with special needs within three years. The new numbers show that 53 percent of charter-school students with a disability who started kindergarten in 2008 stayed at their school until fourth grade, while 49 percent of students with a disability did at a sampling of nearby district schools.

The report is likely to reignite debates over how well the city’s charter schools serve high-needs students. The charter advocacy group Families for Excellent Schools seized on the numbers on Thursday to criticize Chancellor Carmen Fariña, who has called on charter schools to serve their “fair share” of high-needs students and said she believed some charter schools were pushing students out before the state tests.

“I certainly think this report should inform the debate, and I hope it would stop some people from claiming that charter schools experience higher attrition than district schools when this shows exactly the opposite,” New York City Charter School Center CEO James Merriman said.

The IBO’s about-face on special-education retention numbers is the result of its use of a broader definition for students with disabilities. Last year, the IBO looked only at students receiving full-time special education services, leaving out a significant portion of students that the city classifies as having a disability. (IBO officials acknowledged that gap to Chalkbeat last February, but did not release updated numbers then.)

The IBO’s new figures show that charter schools also retained a higher percentage of all of their kindergarten students. Sixty-four percent of charter-school students remained at the same school until fourth grade, while 56 percent of district-school students did.

Still, the IBO report is limited to one cohort of elementary-school students, and says nothing about the attrition of older students.

Overall, students with disabilities make up about 15 percent of the charter sector and about 18 percent of students in district schools. The English-learning gap is larger, with 6 percent of charter-school students classified as English language learners, compared to 14 percent of district-school students.

IBO spokesman Doug Turetsky said the organization, charged with being a nonpartisan education watchdog, decided to revisit the report because of the volume of attention it generated last year. “We thought it would be interesting to see if the numbers had changed and fundamentally, on the broadest scale, they have not,” he said, referring to the overall retention figures.

The city teachers union is planning to release its own charter-school enrollment analysis on Thursday.

Finding a home

Denver school board permanently co-locates charter elementary in middle school building

Students and staffers at Rocky Mountain Prep's first charter school in Denver cheer in 2012. (Photo by The Denver Post)

A Denver elementary charter school that was temporarily granted space in a shuttering district-run middle school building will now be housed there permanently.

The school board voted Thursday to permanently place Rocky Mountain Prep Southwest charter school in the Kepner Middle School building, where it is sharing space this year with three other school programs. Such co-locations can be controversial but have become more common in a district with skyrocketing real estate prices and ambitious school quality goals.

Rocky Mountain Prep Southwest is part of a homegrown charter network that has shown promising academic results. The network also has a school in Aurora and is expected to open a third Denver school next year in the northwest part of the city.

Rocky Mountain Prep Southwest was first placed at Kepner for the 2015-16 school year. The placement was supposed to be temporary. The district had decided the year before to phase out low-performing Kepner and replace it a new district-run middle school, Kepner Beacon, and a new charter middle school, STRIVE Prep Kepner, which is part of a larger network. The district also temporarily placed a third charter school there: Compass Academy.

Compass has since moved out of Kepner but the other four schools remain: Rocky Mountain Prep Southwest, Kepner Beacon, STRIVE Prep Kepner and the Kepner Legacy Middle School, which is on track to be completely phased out and closed by June 2019.

In a written recommendation to the school board, district officials acknowledged that permanently placing Rocky Mountain Prep Southwest at Kepner would create a space crunch.

The Kepner campus has the capacity to serve between 1,100 and 1,500 students, the recommendation says. Once all three schools reach full size, officials expect the schools will enroll a total of approximately 1,250 students. Rocky Mountain Prep Southwest currently serves students in preschool through third grade with a plan to add more grades.

“DPS facilities staff are currently working with all three schools to create a long‐term vision for the campus, including facility improvements that ensure all three schools have what they need to continue to excel,” says the recommendation from Chief Operating Officer David Suppes and Director of Operations and Support Services Liz Mendez.

District staff tried to find an alternate location for Rocky Mountain Prep Southwest but were unsuccessful, the recommendation says. The district does not have many available buildings, and competition for them among district-run and charter schools can be fierce. In northeast Denver, seven secondary schools are currently vying for the use of a shuttered elementary.

Future of Schools

Indianapolis needs tech workers. IPS hopes that George Washington will help fill that gap.

PHOTO: Dylan Peers McCoy

Indiana companies are looking for workers with computer expertise, and Indianapolis Public Schools leaders want their students to fill that gap.

Next year, George Washington High School will launch a specialized information technology academy designed to give students the skills to pursue careers in IT — and the exposure to know what jobs even exist.

“Half of what kids aspire to be is either someone they know does it or they’ve seen it on TV,” said Karen Jung, president of Nextech, a nonprofit that works to increase computer science preparation in K-12 schools. Nextech is partnering with IPS to develop the new IT program at George Washington.

For teens who don’t know anyone working in computer science, meeting role models is essential, Jung said. When teens see women of color or artists working in computer sciences, they realize there are opportunities for people like them.

“Once we put them in front of and inside of workplaces … it clicks,” Jung said. They believe “they would belong.”

The IT program is one of three academies that will open in George Washington next year as part of a broad plan to close nearly half of the district’s high schools and add specialized focus areas at the four remaining campuses. In addition to the IT academy, George Washington will have programs in: advanced manufacturing, engineering, and logistics; and business and finance.

The district is also moving to a model without neighborhood high schools. Students will be expected to choose high schools based on focus area rather than location. This year, many current high schoolers were required to reapply in an effort to make sure they enroll in academies that fit their interests.

The district will host a showcase of schools to help parents and students with their selections. The showcase runs from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. Saturday at the Indiana State Museum.

Stan Law, principal of Arlington High School now, will take over George Washington next year. (Arlington will close at the end of this year.) He said the new academies offer an opportunity for students to see what they need to master — from soft skills to knowledge — to get good jobs when they graduate.

“I want kids to really make the connection of the purpose of high school,” Law said. “It is that foundation for the rest of your life, in terms of the quality of life that you are going to live.”

PHOTO: Dylan Peers McCoy
Stan Law

When the IT academy launches next year, students who select the program will be able to spend about one to two classes per year focused on information technology, said Ben Carter, who runs career and technical education for IPS.

Carter hopes the academies will reshape George Washington and other IPS campuses by connecting potential careers with the work students do everyday at school. Students who share a focus area will be in a cohort, and they will share many of the same core classes such as English, math and history, said Carter. Teachers, in turn, will be able to relate what students are studying in their history class to projects they are working on in the IT program, for example.

To show students what a career in information technology might look like, students will have the chance to tour, connect with mentors and intern at local companies.

“If I’m in one of these career classes — I’m in software development, but then I get to go to Salesforce and walk through and see the environment, to me as a student, that’s inspiring,” said Carter. “It’s like, ‘oh, this is what I can have.’ ”

He added. “It increases engagement but also gives them a true sense of what the career is.”