road to city hall

Project-based learning is the future, says mayoral candidate

Jack Hidary, who is running for mayor as an independent, spoke about the value of project-based learning at his campaign launch Wednesday and again in an interview today.

Despite attending an academically rigorous and highly regarded Orthodox Jewish high school in Brooklyn, Jack Hidary credits his after-school activities, like computer club, for preparing him for the real world.

“What struck me was that the textbook-heavy message that has been around for so long really needed to be modified if you’re really going to engage students and prepare students for the kind of jobs we have now in our economy,” said the tech entrepreneur who formally launched his mayoral campaign this week after unofficially entering the race a month ago.

Hidary said he would “build on the good work of Mayor Bloomberg,” who he said had laid a foundation for education by fighting for the right to close, open, and change schools. But he said his administration would focus on what happens inside the classroom, by making project-based learning a cornerstone of his education policy.

At a campaign event Wednesday night and again in an interview today, Hidary said there are only five or six schools in the city that fully offer the instructional approach he favors. He cited East Side Community High School, Pathways in Technology Early College High School, and the citywide gifted Brooklyn School of Inquiry as examples of schools that are challenging students through performance-based assessments rather than pencil-and-paper tests and through collaborative assignments with practical applications.

As mayor, he said, he would want to get that number to at least 100.

“It’s not going to happen overnight,” Hidary said. But with targeted and ample training for teachers, he said, overhauling how students learn is possible.

“We cannot expect and ask our teachers to engage in new approaches without providing appropriate professional development,” he said. Also, with students focused on their projects and working with one another, teachers can have time to work together and improve, he said, adding that he would like to make it easier for teachers to attend daylong conferences away from their schools.

“The problem is now that we haven’t given our teachers the appropriate time and space to get these kinds of trainings,” he said. He also said, “It’s very very important to provide teachers with a tool set that they can adapt.”

More time for professional development and making fully developed curriculum available are major demands of the United Federation of Teachers, but Hidary said he hasn’t yet formally met with the powerful teachers union. He said what separates him from other candidates is that he’s “free and clear” of special interest allegiances.

“I really want to focus on the student and on the teacher,” he said.

Hidary said it “baffles” him that other candidates want to undo Bloomberg’s policy changes — he chalked it up to them being career politicians who must make promises to win support. If Bloomberg hadn’t gained mayoral control of the schools and laid the groundwork for change, Hidary wouldn’t be able to move the schools forward with his own reforms, he said.

Hidary might also be the only candidate to pepper his talk about education policy with thoughts about how children’s brains develop: He studied philosophy and neuroscience major at Columbia University before entering the technology and energy fields as an entrepreneur.

Hidary, who plans to release more details of his education platform in the coming weeks, said he has consulted with a wide range of people with experience in education. In particular, he said, John Katzman, who founded the Princeton Review and now heads the education information company Noodle, and Nitzan Pelman, who recently stepped down as the New York City director of the Citizen Schools after-school program, have advised him on education policy. (Pelman also sits on GothamSchools’ advisory board.)

School safety

Hiring more security officers in Memphis after school shootings could have unintended consequences

PHOTO: Jahi Chikwendiu/The Washington Post/Getty Images

Tennessee’s largest district, Shelby County Schools, is slated to add more school resource officers under the proposed budget for next school year.

Superintendent Dorsey Hopson earmarked $2 million to hire 30 school resource officers in addition to the 98 already in some of its 150-plus schools. The school board is scheduled to vote on the budget Tuesday.

But an increase in law enforcement officers could have unintended consequences.

A new state law that bans local governments from refusing to cooperate with federal immigration officials could put school resource officers in an awkward position.

Tennessee Education Commissioner Candice McQueen recently reminded school personnel they are not obligated to release student information regarding immigration status. School resource officers employed by police or sheriff’s departments, however, do not answer to school districts. Shelby County Schools is still reviewing the law, but school board members have previously gone on the record emphasizing their commitment to protecting undocumented students.

“Right now we are just trying to get a better understanding of the law and the impact that it may have,” said Natalia Powers, a district spokeswoman.

Also, incidents of excessive force and racial bias toward black students have cropped up in recent years. Two white Memphis officers were fired in 2013 after hitting a black student and wrestling her to the ground because she was “yelling and cussing” on school grounds. And mothers of four elementary school students recently filed a lawsuit against a Murfreesboro officer who arrested them at school in 2016 for failing to break up a fight that occurred off-campus.

Just how common those incidents are in Memphis is unclear. In response to Chalkbeat’s query for the number and type of complaints in the last two school years, Shelby County Schools said it “does not have any documents responsive to this request.”

Currently, 38 school resource officers are sheriff’s deputies, and the rest are security officers hired by Shelby County Schools. The officers respond and work to prevent criminal activity in all high schools and middle schools, Hopson said. The 30 additional officers would augment staffing at some schools and for the first time, branch out to some elementary schools. Hopson said those decisions will be based on crime rates in surrounding neighborhoods and school incidents.

Hopson’s initial recommendation for more school resource officers was in response to the school shooting in Parkland, Florida, that killed 17 people and sparked a wave of student activism on school safety, including in Memphis.

Gov. Bill Haslam’s recent $30 million budget boost would allow school districts across Tennessee to hire more law enforcement officers or improve building security. Measures to arm some teachers with guns or outlaw certain types of guns have fallen flat.

For more on the role and history of school resource officers in Tennessee, read our five things to know.

Sheriff’s deputies and district security officers meet weekly, said Capt. Dallas Lavergne of the Shelby County Sheriff’s Office. When the Memphis Police Department pulled their officers out of school buildings following the merger of city and county school systems, the county Sheriff’s Office replaced them with deputies.

All deputy recruits go through school resource officer training, and those who are assigned to schools get additional annual training. In a 2013 review of police academies across the nation, Tennessee was cited as the only state that had specific training for officers deployed to schools.

call out

Our readers had a lot to say in 2017. Make your voice heard in 2018.

PHOTO: Chris Hill/Whitney Achievement School
Teacher Carl Schneider walks children home in 2015 as part of the after-school walking program at Whitney Achievement Elementary School in Memphis. This photograph went viral and inspired a First Person reflection from Schneider in 2017.

Last year, some of our most popular pieces came from readers who told their stories in a series that we call First Person.

For instance, Carl Schneider wrote about the 2015 viral photograph that showed him walking his students home from school in a low-income neighborhood of Memphis. His perspective on what got lost in the shuffle continues to draw thousands of readers.

First Person is also a platform to influence policy. Recent high school graduate Anisah Karim described the pressure she felt to apply to 100 colleges in the quest for millions of dollars in scholarships. Because of her piece, the school board in Memphis is reviewing the so-called “million-dollar scholar” culture at some high schools.

Do you have a story to tell or a point to make? In 2018, we want to give an even greater voice to students, parents, teachers, administrators, advocates and others who are trying to improve public education in Tennessee. We’re looking for essays of 500 to 750 words grounded in personal experience.

Whether your piece is finished or you just have an idea to discuss, drop a line to Community Editor Caroline Bauman at

But first, check out these top First Person pieces from Tennesseans in 2017:

My high school told me to apply to 100 colleges — and I almost lost myself in the process

“A counselor never tried to determine what the absolute best school for me would be. I wasted a lot of time, money and resources trying to figure that out. And I almost lost myself in the process.” —Anisah Karim     

Why I’m not anxious about where my kids go to school — but do worry about the segregation that surrounds us

“In fact, it will be a good thing for my boys to learn alongside children who are different from them in many ways — that is one advantage they will have that I did not, attending parochial schools in a lily-white suburb.” —Mary Jo Cramb

I covered Tennessee’s ed beat for Chalkbeat. Here’s what I learned.

“Apathy is often cited as a major problem facing education. That’s not the case in Tennessee.” —Grace Tatter

I went viral for walking my students home from school in Memphis. Here’s what got lost in the shuffle.

“When #blacklivesmatter is a controversial statement; when our black male students have a one in three chance of facing jail time; when kids in Memphis raised in the bottom fifth of the socioeconomic bracket have a 2.6 percent chance of climbing to the top fifth — our walking students home does not fix that, either.” —Carl Schneider

I think traditional public schools are the backbone of democracy. My child attends a charter school. Let’s talk.

“It was a complicated choice to make. The dialogue around school choice in Nashville, though, doesn’t often include much nuance — or many voices of parents like me.” —Aidan Hoyal

I grew up near Charlottesville and got a misleading education about Civil War history. Students deserve better.

“In my classroom discussions, the impetus for the Civil War was resigned to a debate over the balance of power between federal and state governments. Slavery was taught as a footnote to the cause of the war.” —Laura Faith Kebede