Indiana State Board of Education

A to F grades released; Indiana schools see few big moves

Indiana’s A to F school grades, the linchpin of months of state board fights, finally were released Friday. But they showed little change.

About half of the 1,824 graded public schools statewide got the same grade as last year. Across Indiana, about the same percentage of public schools got an A (44.4 percent) as well as F (5.7 percent) as in 2012. Indiana State Board of Education approval of the grades ended a two-month tug-of-war with state Superintendent Glenda Ritz about when they should be issued.

Find your school’s grade here.

“I want to thank Indiana’s educators, administrators, parents, and most importantly, students for their patience and countless hours of work over the last academic year,” Ritz said in a statement. “Though this current model for calculating school accountability grades will be changing, the data does show that some great learning is occurring in our schools, and I want to congratulate our students for their successes.”

An expected debate between Ritz and the state board over issues of how the state board meetings are managed fizzled Friday. Instead, the board approved some changes to its procedures but deferred the most contentious issues for further discussion.

A long delay

The grades were delayed, Ritz said, because of glitches with the online administration of ISTEP in May. The company that creates ISTEP, CTB McGraw-Hill, accepted blame for the problems at a state board meeting over the summer. Almost 80,000 students in grades 3 to 8 reported interruptions, such as frozen screens or being forced to log on repeatedly, while taking the state exam.

After an evaluation of those affected students’ tests, a consultant ruled just 1,400 should be invalidated, which Ritz said had minimal impact on their schools’ grades. Still, schools asked for many affected tests to be rescored. Ritz said that slowed the release of the grades, which last year came out on Oct. 31.

But the state board grew impatient. In October, the 10 other board members sent a letter asking Republican legislative leaders to have the Legislative Service Agency calculate the grades. Ritz unsuccessfully sued the board in the response, claiming her fellow board members violated state transparency laws when they discussed sending the letter without her via email. By statute, Ritz chairs the state board.

Ultimately the grades were released even later than Ritz’s proposed late November timeline.

Growth scores have impact

This was the second year the grades included a complex test score growth calculation, pushed by former Superintendent Tony Bennett, that was meant to reward schools when their students make test score gains compared to students with similar prior test scores and demographic attributes.

Oddities that were noted last year continued this year. Two schools swung from an A last year to an F this year, compared with five last year. Nine school jumped from F to A this year, including Indianapolis Public School 88. Eight made that leap last year.

For all schools, 30 percent statewide saw their grades fall, about the same as last year. Slightly fewer made gains over the prior year — 26 percent in 2013 compared with 19 percent in 2012.

Charters match urban schools

Charter schools, which drawn mostly from high poverty neighborhoods, saw far fewer A’s (20 percent) and more D’s and F’s (60 percent) than the state at large for the 62 charter schools graded in 2013. But charter performance mirrored other high poverty schools. Of IPS’ 66 graded schools, for example, 15 percent earned A’s while 57 percent earned D’s or F’s.

All five schools that were taken over by the state and turned over to be run independently by outside organizations last year saw their grades remain at F. Four of those are former IPS schools: Donnan Middle School and Howe, Arlington and Manual high schools.

Changes ahead

This is the last year Indiana schools will be graded this way.

Since Ritz defeated Bennett in the 2012 election, the formula he pushed for A to F grades lost its champion. The legislature earlier this year passed a bill mandated a new system. In particular, lawmakers aimed to scrap the growth measure.

For next year, state officials are constructing a system the defines growth based on how much closer students got to a passing score, or how far beyond that score they reached. The state board expect to approve the new grading scheme by July 2014.


hurdle cleared

Indiana’s federally required education plan wins approval

PHOTO: Courtesy of the Indiana Department of Education
State Superintendent Jennifer McCormick greets elementary school students in Decatur Township.

U.S. Education Secretary Betsy DeVos has signed off on Indiana’s federally required education plan, ushering in another era of changes — although not exactly major ones — to the state’s public school system.

The U.S Department of Education announced the plan’s approval on Friday. Like other states, Indiana went through an extensive process to craft a blueprint to comply with the Every Student Succeeds Act, or ESSA, which was signed into law in 2015.

“Today is a great day for Indiana,” state Superintendent Jennifer McCormick said in a statement. “Our ESSA plan reflects the input and perspective of many stakeholders in communities across our state. From the beginning, we set out to build a plan that responded to the needs of Hoosier students. From our clear accountability system to our innovative, locally-driven approach to school improvement, our ESSA plan was designed to support student success.”

The federal government highlighted two aspects of Indiana’s plan. One is a pledge to close achievement gaps separating certain groups of students, such as racial and ethnic groups, from their peers by 50 percent by 2023.

Another is a staple of other states’ plans, as well: adding new ways for measuring how ready students are for attending college or starting their careers. Indiana education officials and lawmakers have made this a priority over the past several years, culminating in a new set of graduation requirements the Indiana State Board of Education approved late last year.

Under Indiana’s plan, high schoolers’ readiness will be measured not just by tests but also by performance in advanced courses and earning dual credits or industry certifications. Elementary school students will be measured in part by student attendance and growth in student attendance over time. Test scores and test score improvement still play a major role in how all schools are rated using state A-F letter grades.

In all, 35 states’ ESSA plans have won federal approval.

Advocates hope the law will bring more attention to the country’s neediest children and those most likely to be overlooked — including English-learners and students with disabilities.

Indiana officials struggled to bring some state measures in line with federal laws, such as graduation requirements and diplomas.

Under the state’s ESSA plan, A-F grades would include these measures (see weights here):

  • Academic achievement in the form of state test scores.
  • Test score improvement.
  • Graduation rate and a measure of “college and career readiness” for high schools.
  • Academic progress of English-language learners, measured by the WIDA test.
  • At least one aspect of school quality. For now, that will be chronic absenteeism, but the state hopes to pursue student and teacher surveys.

The last two are new to Indiana, but represent ESSA’s goal of being more inclusive and, in the case of chronic absenteeism, attempting to value other measures that aren’t test scores.

Because the Indiana State Board of Education passed its own draft A-F rules earlier this month — rules that deviate from the state ESSA plan — it’s possible Hoosier schools could get two sets of letter grades going forward, muddying the initial intent of the simple A-F grade concept parents and community members are familiar with.

The state board’s A-F changes include other measures, such as a “well-rounded” measure for elementary schools that is calculated based on science and social studies tests and an “on-track” measure for high schools that is calculated based on credits and freshman-year grades. Neither component is part of  the state’s federal plan. The state board plan also gets rid of the test score improvement measure for high-schoolers.

While that A-F proposal is preliminary, if approved it would go into effect for schools in 2018-19.

The state can still make changes to its ESSA plan, and the state board’s A-F draft is also expected to see revisions after public comment. But the fact that they conflict now could create difficulties moving forward, and it has led to tension during state board meetings. Already, the state expected schools would see two years of A-F grades in 2018. If both plans move forward as is, that could continue beyond next year.

Read: Will Indiana go through with a ‘confusing’ plan that could mean every school winds up with two A-F grades?

Find more of our coverage of the Every Student Succeeds Act here.


Aurora recommends interventions in one elementary school, while another gets more time

Students during PE class at Lyn Knoll Elementary School in 2016 in Aurora, Colorado. (Photo by Helen H. Richardson/The Denver Post)

Aurora school district officials on Tuesday will recommend turning over management of some operations at one of their elementary schools to an outside management company.

The school, Lyn Knoll Elementary, is located in northwest Aurora near 2nd Avenue and Peoria Street and serves a high number of students from low-income families, with 4 percent of students identified as homeless. The school was one of three Aurora schools that earned the lowest rating from the state in 2017.

That rating automatically flags the school under a district process for school interventions. The process directs district officials to consider a number of possible improvement plans, including closure or turning the school over to a charter school.

Lyn Knoll has had good rankings in recent years before slipping dramatically in the past year, a change that put it on the turnaround list. The district did not recommend intervening at Paris Elementary, even though that school has been in priority improvement for years and will face state sanctions if it has one more year without improvement.

Annual ratings for Lyn Knoll Elementary

  • 2010: Improvement
  • 2011: Improvement
  • 2012: Performance
  • 2013: Improvement
  • 2014: Priority Improvement
  • 2016: Performance
  • 2017: Turnaround
Colorado Department of Education

The board will discuss the recommendation on Tuesday and vote on the school’s fate next month. In November, four union-backed board members who have been critical of charter schools won a majority role on the district’s school board. This will be their first major decision since taking a seat on the board.

In September, Superintendent Rico Munn had told the school board that among January’s school improvement recommendations, the one for Paris would be “the most high-profile.” A month later the district put out a request for information, seeking ideas to improve Aurora schools.

But in a board presentation released Friday, district officials didn’t give much attention to Paris. Instead, they will let Paris continue its rollout of an innovation plan approved two years ago. Officials have said they are hopeful the school will show improvements.

The recommendation for Lyn Knoll represents more drastic change, and it’s the only one that would require a board vote.

The district recommendation calls for replacing the current principal, drafting a contract for an outside company to help staff with training and instruction, and creating a plan to help recruit more students to the school.

Documents show district officials considered closing Lyn Knoll because it already has low and decreasing enrollment with just 238 current students. Those same documents note that while officials are concerned about the school’s trends, it has not had a long history of low ratings to warrant a closure.

In considering a charter school conversion, documents state that there is already a saturation of charter schools in that part of the city, and the community is interested in “the existence of a neighborhood school.” Two charter networks, however, did indicate interest in managing the school, the documents state.
The district recommendation would also include stripping the school’s current status as a pilot school.

Lyn Knoll and other schools labeled pilot schools in Aurora get some internal district autonomy under a program created more than 10 years ago by district and union officials.

Because Lyn Knoll is a pilot school, a committee that oversees that program also reviewed the school and made its own recommendation, which is different from the district’s.

In their report, committee members explained that while they gave the school low marks, they want the school to maintain pilot status for another year as long as it follows guidance on how to improve.

Among the observations in the committee’s report: The school doesn’t have an intervention program in place for students who need extra help in math, families are not engaged, and there has not been enough training for teachers on the new state standards.

The report also highlights the school’s daily physical education for students and noted that the school’s strength was in the school’s governance model that allowed teachers to feel involved in decision making.

Read the full committee report below.